JFAUK Club Coaching Qualification Award level 1

The contents prepared here are to be used as a guideline in conjunction with many teaching skills and according to the level of the student and their age and ability. The club coaching award addresses basic induction methods that once completed; the instructor will have a very good understanding on how he/she conducts a session – reinforcing and understanding the basic principles of judo.

  1. Aims and Objectives
  2. Safety
  3. Teaching methods
  4. Breakfalls
  5. Judo Posture & gripping
  6. Moving on the mat
  7. Gripping
  8. Throwing
  9. Forms of Holding
  10. Arm locks
  11. Strangles & Chokes
  12. Basic Principle teaching structure


To offer instructors the opportunity to learn the basic principles of teaching.


To allow all candidates to experience the education in understanding the basic principles which are taught in Judo.


Be aware of all the applicable health and safety measures and to work within the student’s capability.


Be able to demonstrate in the correct manner. Show all key points: Gripping, posture, entry, supporting when throwing and cover submission.

  • Make all students feel welcome
  • Be very clear of club safety rules including hygiene
  • Be clear on Judo formalities and traditions
  • Explain warm up and warm down 


  1. Keep in control of the class at all times, project your voice clearly and confidently so that all students are able to understand you. Always be open for questions.
  2. The most effective way to teach Judo is achieved primarily through demonstration. Demonstrating the whole technique first then breaking it down into sections will achieve the best results. Concentrate on key points then build up to the whole technique. The student will be able to see in more detail.
  3. Explain each part of the technique in detail and always explain why it is important to follow these motions. It is important to show and emphasise the correct and incorrect ways of conducting a technique.
  4. Before the student is allowed to execute the technique, always remind them regarding throwing and supporting or submission. It is always a good idea to highlight to uki showing which hand that he/she will have to use to breakfall.
  5. Once the student has grasped the basic techniques, they should then be encouraged to practice uchi komi which will help to reinforce the learning process. Trial and error is one of the most effective ways of learning.
  6. Make sure that uki is relaxed and that he/she allows tori to participate in the practice. This is called uki receiving a technique.
  7. A coach must always be very patient and offer encouragement to the student.
  8. Do not try to teach all the elements in one go. One point at a time and when the student reaches each point, only then should you add another correction.


Explain why breakfalls are needed in Judo and what part they play.

Back breakfall, side breakfall left and right, forward breakfall and then rolling breakfall.

It is strongly recommended that you follow the above order when teaching breakfalls Demonstrate breakfalls from a squatting position the slowly build up to the standing position.

Key points:

  • Keep your chin tucked into your chest in order to minimise the risk of your head striking the mat.
  • Your hand should strike the mat palm down and kept close to your trouser pocket
  • Support your body off the mat for forward breakfalls and turn your head to the left or the right side of the body in order to prevent any mat particles from being blown into the face or eyes and causing injury.
  • when striking the mat, your arms and body should be relaxed
  • When rolling, ukis legs should be kept apart in order to avoid the ankles or joints from hitting each other.

Judo Posture and Gripping

  • Shizentai (Right stance, left stance)
  • feet should be flat on the mat
  • body should be straight
  • your hands and your body should be relaxed and flexible to allow for movement
  • Normal gripping at shoulder height, using the first three fingers of the hand will allow your wrist to have flexibility and movement. The thumb should also be loose.
  • grip on the sleeve just below the elbow
  • grip onto the chest lapel

Moving on the mat

When moving on the mat, the legs should never cross and should slide on the mat gracefully (Suri Ashi), Tsugi-Ashi (as used in Nage no Kata).


Showing correct gripping right /left handed gripping. Using the first three fingers of the hand, allowing wrist flexibility


Normal right/left handed grip

  1. Kuzushi:   How to break the balance. Show all directions; left, right, forward, back.
  2. Tsukuri: How to float your opponent movement whilst attacking
  3. Kake:   body positioning before throwing (body contact)
  4. Nage:   the actual execution of the throw
  • Both tori and uki must be relaxed and flexible for the execution of any throw.
  • Tori's arms and legs should never be completely straightened when executing a throw
  • All throws should display a smooth, flexible, circular movement.

Forms of Holding

  1.  Tori’s objective is to hold uki on his back, allow uki to move but keep control of the hold down technique.
  2. The weight of tori should always be directed on uki’;s chest.
  3. Tori must be firm, but at the same time flexible for transitional techniques.ie moving from one technique to the other. I.e. like the wheel.
  4. Toricontrol uki’s neck and shoulders to stop him from escaping


  •  Submission is when pressure is applied against any joint, elbow or shoulder.
  • Leverage is applied normally in the opposite direction of the small index finger.
  • Uki must submit before any damage is caused.
  • With armlocks it is advisable for uki to submit by hitting uki onto his body as submitting on the mat may not be sufficient for tori to hear as there may be too much noise in the dojo.

Strangles & Chokes

Strangles occur when the blood supply to the brain is restricted, due to pressure applied to the vascular vain.

Chokes occur when pressure is applied to the wind pipe, restricting oxygen to the lungs.

Basic principal teaching structure

  1. Teach at a pace that all students can follow
  2.  Do not teach everything at once
  3.  Correct one key point at a time with students.
  4.  Commend and encourage at all times
  5.  Demonstrate the whole technique. And then break down into parts. Finish with complete demonstration, slow then fast
  6.  Position yourself so that all students can see. Demonstrate from different angles for better education.
  7.  Encourage lots of uchi komi stationery and moving.


This completes the club coach award level 1

Assessment will be carried out over a period of time and certification will only be awarded when the candidate has and can fully understand and implement the necessary requirements which are addressed in the coaching programme.

Technical committee (JFAUK)

Dec 2011



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